Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sturnidae > Acridotheres > Acridotheres melanopterus

Acridotheres melanopterus (Black-winged Myna; Black-winged Starling)

Synonyms: Sturnus melanopterus

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-winged starling (Acridotheres melanopterus) is a species of starling in the family Sturnidae. The species is also known as the black-winged myna or the white-breasted starling. It is endemic to Indonesia. There are three recognised subspecies: the nominate race, which occurs across much of the island of Java; tricolor, which is restricted to south east Java; and tertius, which is found on Bali and possibly Lombok. The validity of the records on Lombok has been called into question, as there are only a few records and those may represent escapees from the caged-bird trade or natural vagrants. The species has often been assigned to the starling genus Sturnus, but is now placed in Acridotheres because it is behaviourally and vocally closer to the birds in that genus.
View Wikipedia Record: Acridotheres melanopterus


Acridotheres melanopterus melanopterus
Acridotheres melanopterus tertius (Grey-rumped Myna) (Critically Endangered)
Acridotheres melanopterus tricolor (Grey-backed Myna) (Critically Endangered)

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Acridotheres melanopterus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.40318
EDGE Score: 3.9973


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  30 %
Diet - Nectar [1]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  40 %
Forages - Understory [1]  40 %
Forages - Ground [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  4


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bali Barat Indonesia A1, A4iv  
Baluran Indonesia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Prey / Diet

Cyrtophyllum fragrans (Tembusu)[3]
Manilkara kauki (manilkara)[3]
Passiflora foetida (scarletfruit passionflower)[3]
Pithecellobium dulce (monkeypod)[3]
Syzygium lineatum[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agropsar sturninus (Daurian Starling)1
Aplonis panayensis (Asian Glossy Starling)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)1
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Ragunan Zoological Park
Taipei Zoo

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License