Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Charadriidae > Thinornis > Thinornis novaeseelandiae

Thinornis novaeseelandiae (Shore Dotterel; Shore Plover)

Synonyms: Charadrius novaeseelandiae

Wikipedia Abstract

The shore plover (Thinornis novaeseelandiae), also known as the shore dotterel or by its Māori name of tuturuatu, is a small plover endemic to New Zealand. Once found all around the New Zealand coast, it is now restricted to a few offshore islands. It is one of the world's rarest shorebirds: the population is roughly 200.
View Wikipedia Record: Thinornis novaeseelandiae

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Thinornis novaeseelandiae

EDGE Analysis

The Shore Plover is thought to be one of the rarest and most threatened waders on the planet. It is endemic to New Zealand and was once widespread along the coast of the South Island. The decrease in plover numbers correlates with the introduction and spread of non-native predators. Biologists suggest that cats and Norway rats caused this decline prior to the arrival of ship rats and predators like ferrets and weasels. Today the Shore Plover is found only on a small number of offshore islands.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.8832
EDGE Score: 5.01771
View EDGE Record: Thinornis novaeseelandiae


Adult Weight [1]  61 grams
Birth Weight [2]  12.6 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  3
Incubation [4]  27 days
Maximum Longevity [5]  21 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Chatham Islands New Zealand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Pukaha Mount Bruce National Wildlife Centre


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Marchant, S.; Higgins, PJ (eds.) 1993. The handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, Vol. 2., raptors to lapwings. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5BirdLife International (2012) Species factsheet: Thinornis novaeseelandiae. Downloaded from on 10/09/2012
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License