Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Zenaida > Zenaida graysoni

Zenaida graysoni (Socorro Dove)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Socorro dove (Zenaida graysoni) is a dove that is extinct in the wild. It was endemic to Socorro Island in the Revillagigedo Islands off the west coast of Mexico. The last sighting in its natural habitat was in 1972. There are not more than 200 and probably fewer than 100 purebred birds in captivity. A reintroduction program is in the early stages of preparation.
View Wikipedia Record: Zenaida graysoni

Endangered Species

Status: Extinct in the wild
View IUCN Record: Zenaida graysoni

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.8881
EDGE Score: 4.70238


Adult Weight [1]  192 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  20 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Islas Revillagigedo dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Isla Socorro Mexico    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Prey / Diet

Bumelia socorroensis[4]
Prunus serotina var. capuli[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aratinga holochlora brevipes (Socorro green conure)1

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Baptista, LF, WI Boarman, and P. Kandianidis. 1983. Behavior and taxonomic status of Grayson's Dove Auk 100:907–919
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License