Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Lemuroidea > Lemuridae > Lemur > Lemur catta

Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)

Synonyms: Maki mococo

Wikipedia Abstract

The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) is a large strepsirrhine primate and the most recognized lemur due to its long, black and white ringed tail. It belongs to Lemuridae, one of five lemur families, and is the only member of the Lemur genus. Like all lemurs it is endemic to the island of Madagascar. Known locally in Malagasy as maky ([makʲ] , spelled maki in French) or hira, it inhabits gallery forests to spiny scrub in the southern regions of the island. It is omnivorous and the most terrestrial of extant lemurs. The animal is diurnal, being active exclusively in daylight hours.
View Wikipedia Record: Lemur catta

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Lemur catta

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.8
EDGE Score: 3.63


Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  4 months 15 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  37 years
Weaning [2]  5 months 2 days
Adult Weight [2]  5.633 lbs (2.555 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  71 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  80 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 7 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madagascar subhumid forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Isalo National Park II 215133 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra National Park II 76961 Madagascar

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles Yes

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Acinetobacter lwoffii[7]
Escherichia coli (E. coli)[7]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Aeruginosa)[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Plant Species Fed on by Lemur catta in Gallery Forests of the Southern Domain of Madagascar, BRUNO SIMMEN, MICHELLE L. SAUTHER, TAKAYO SOMA, HANTANIRINA RASAMIMANANA, ROBERT.W. SUSSMAN, ALISON JOLLY, LAURENT TARNAUD, AND ANNETTE HLADIK, Ringtailed Lemur Biology Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects, 2006, Part II, 50-63
5Diets of Two Lemur Species in Different Microhabitats in Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar, Nayuta Yamashita, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 1025-1051, October 2002
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License