Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Lemuroidea > Indriidae > Propithecus > Propithecus verreauxi
 

Propithecus verreauxi (Verreaux's sifaka)

Synonyms: Propithecus majori; Propithecus verreauxoides

Wikipedia Abstract

Verreaux's sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi), or the white sifaka, is a medium-sized primate in one of the lemur families, the Indriidae. It lives in Madagascar and can be found in a variety of habitats from rainforest to western Madagascar dry deciduous forests and dry and spiny forests. Its fur is thick and silky and generally white with brown on the sides, top of the head, and on the arms. Like all sifakas, it has a long tail that it uses as a balance when leaping from tree to tree. However, its body is so highly adapted to an arboreal existence, on the ground its only means of locomotion is hopping. The species lives in small troops which forage for food.
View Wikipedia Record: Propithecus verreauxi

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Propithecus verreauxi

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
49
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.64
EDGE Score: 3.92

Attributes

Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  4 months 28 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  31 years
Snout to Vent Length [4]  20 inches (51 cm)
Weaning [2]  5 months
Adult Weight [2]  11.023 lbs (5.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  72 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  70 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar Afrotropic Mangroves
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Isalo National Park II 215133 Madagascar
La Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d' Ankarafantsika National Park II 335701 Madagascar  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve Ia 207273 Madagascar  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles Yes

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Acrantophis dumerili (Dumeril's boa)[7]
Buteo brachypterus (Madagascar Buzzard)[7]
Cryptoprocta ferox (Fossa)[8]
Polyboroides radiatus (Madagascar Harrier-Hawk)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bacillus cereus[9]
Dirofilaria pauliani <Unverified Name>[10]
Enterococcus faecalis[9]
Haemaphysalis lemuris[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Africa;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
5Diets of Two Lemur Species in Different Microhabitats in Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar, Nayuta Yamashita, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 1025-1051, October 2002
6Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000
7The predator-sensitive foraging behaviour of free-living Verreaux’s sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi verreauxi) at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar, Jennifer Danielle Bernadette Prew, Masters thesis, University of Victoria (2008)
8Predation on Milne-Edward's sifaka (Propithecus diadema edwardsi) by the fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox) in the rain forest of southeastern Madagascar, Patricia C. Wright, S. Kimberly Heckscher, Amy E. Dunham, Folia Primatol 1997;68:34-43
9Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License