Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Callitrichidae > Callithrix > Callithrix penicillata

Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)

Synonyms: Callithrix penicillata jordani; Hapale trigonifer

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata), also known as Mico-estrela in Portuguese, is a species of New World monkey that lives primarily in the Neo-tropical gallery forests of the Brazilian Central Plateau. It ranges from Bahia to Paraná, and as far inland as Goiás, between 14 and 25 degrees south of the equator, and can commonly be seen in the City of Rio de Janeiro. This marmoset typically resides in rainforests, living an arboreal life high in the trees, but below the canopy. They are only rarely spotted near the ground.
View Wikipedia Record: Callithrix penicillata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.2
EDGE Score: 1.44


Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [3]  4 months 24 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [3]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  15 years
Snout to Vent Length [3]  12 inches (30 cm)
Adult Weight [2]  307 grams
Birth Weight [3]  27 grams
Male Weight [3]  320 grams
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [4]  40 %
Diet - Vertibrates [4]  10 %
Forages - Arboreal [4]  100 %
Female Maturity [3]  1 year 3 months
Male Maturity [3]  1 year


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Primasubulura jacchi <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichospirura leptostoma <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


South America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Feeding Behavior of the Black-Tufted-ear Marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) (Primata, Callitrichidae) in a Tropical Cerrado Savanna, Andréa Andrade Vilela & Kleber Del-Claro, Sociobiology Vol. 58, No. 2, 2011
6Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License