Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Mandrillus > Mandrillus sphinx
 

Mandrillus sphinx (mandrill)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

The mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) is a primate of the Old World monkey (Cercopithecidae) family. It is one of two species assigned to the genus Mandrillus, along with the drill. Both the mandrill and the drill were once classified as baboons in the genus Papio, but they now have their own genus, Mandrillus. Although they look superficially like baboons, they are more closely related to Cerocebus mangabeys. Mandrills are found in southern Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and Congo. Mandrills mostly live in tropical rainforests. They live in very large groups. Mandrills have an omnivorous diet consisting mostly of fruits and insects. Their mating season peaks in July to September, with a corresponding birth peak in December to April.
View Wikipedia Record: Mandrillus sphinx

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
37
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.94
EDGE Score: 3.17

Attributes

Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  5 months 23 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  40 years
Weaning [2]  11 months 24 days
Adult Weight [2]  50.707 lbs (23.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  1.351 lbs (613 g)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 3 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Endolimax nana[5]
Entamoeba coli[5]
Entamoeba histolytica[5]
Watsonius deschiensi <Unverified Name>[6]
Watsonius watsoni <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Africa;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Feeding Ecology of Mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) in Campo Animal Reserve, Cameroon, JIRO HOSHINO, PRIMATES, 26(3): 248-273, July 1985
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License