Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Hominoidea > Hominidae > Gorilla > Gorilla gorilla

Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)

Wikipedia Abstract

The western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) is a great ape, the type species as well as the most populous species of the genus Gorilla.
View Wikipedia Record: Gorilla gorilla


Gorilla gorilla diehli (Cross River Gorilla)
Gorilla gorilla gorilla (Western Lowland Gorilla)

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Gorilla gorilla

EDGE Analysis

The gorilla is a heavily built primate and is the largest of the living apes. Western and eastern gorillas are more genetically distant from one another than are chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus). Western gorillas live in lowland, swamp, and montane forests from sea level to 1600 m. Western lowland gorillas have the largest home ranges and travel the farthest of all gorilla subspecies because of their reliance on fruit. Despite being the more numerous and widespread gorilla species, the severe threats of hunting, infectious disease and habitat loss make western gorillas at a greater risk of a population collapse in 30 years.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.26
EDGE Score: 5.28
View EDGE Record: Gorilla gorilla


Adult Weight [1]  308.30 lbs (139.842 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  4.544 lbs (2.061 kg)
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  90 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  7 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  11 years
Gestation [1]  8 months 16 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  0.3
Maximum Longevity [1]  55 years
Weaning [1]  2 years 3 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License