Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Hominoidea > Hominidae > Pan > Pan troglodytes

Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)


Pan troglodytes ellioti (Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee)
Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii (eastern chimpanzee)
Pan troglodytes troglodytes (central chimpanzee)
Pan troglodytes verus (western chimpanzee)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Pan troglodytes

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.29
EDGE Score: 4.5


Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [3]  7 months 19 days
Litter Size [3]  1
Litters / Year [3]  0.2
Maximum Longevity [3]  59 years
Weaning [3]  3 years
Adult Weight [2]  98.657 lbs (44.75 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  4.015 lbs (1.821 kg)
Female Weight [2]  89.508 lbs (40.60 kg)
Male Weight [2]  107.807 lbs (48.90 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  20.4 %
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  10 %
Diet - Plants [4]  30 %
Forages - Scansorial [4]  100 %
Female Maturity [3]  9 years 3 months
Male Maturity [3]  8 years


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Pan troglodytes, Clyde Jones, Cheri A. Jones, J. Knox Jones, Jr., and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 529, pp. –9 (1996)
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6The diet of chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda, NICHOLAS E. NEWTON-FISHER, Afr. J. Ecol. 1999, Volume 37, pages 344–354
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
8Frugivory and the Fate of Dispersed and Non-Dispersed Seeds of Six African Tree Species, Colin A. Chapman and Lauren J. Chapman, Journal of Tropical Ecology Vol. 12, No. 4 (Jul., 1996), pp. 491-504
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search