Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Bathyergidae > Heterocephalus > Heterocephalus glaber

Heterocephalus glaber (Naked mole-rat)


Wikipedia Abstract

The naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber), also known as the sand puppy or desert mole rat, is a burrowing blesmol native to parts of East Africa and is the only species currently classified in the genus Heterocephalus. The naked mole-rat, the Damaraland mole-rat, and Mechow's mole-rat are eusocial mammals. It has a highly unusual set of physical traits that enable it to thrive in an otherwise harsh underground environment; it is the only mammalian thermoconformer.
View Wikipedia Record: Heterocephalus glaber

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 33.39
EDGE Score: 3.54


Adult Weight [1]  35 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  7 months 18 days
Male Maturity [3]  9 months
Gestation [1]  70 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Weaning [1]  36 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Prey / Diet


Eryx colubrinus loveridgei (Sand Boa)[3]
Rhamphiophis rostratus (Rufous Beaked Snake)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Heterocephalus glaber, Jennifer U. M. Jarvis and Paul W. Sherman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 706, pp. 1–9 (2002)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License