Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Hystricidae > Hystrix > Hystrix africaeaustralis

Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape porcupine)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Cape porcupine or South African porcupine, (Hystrix africaeaustralis), is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Hystrix africaeaustralis


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.2
EDGE Score: 2.22


Adult Weight [1]  52.911 lbs (24.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  351 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  80 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Gestation [1]  3 months 4 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  23 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [4]  37 inches (93 cm)
Weaning [1]  77 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Burkea africana (Wild syringa)[5]
Cordyla africana (cordyla)[5]
Dombeya spectabilis subsp. spectabilis[5]
Melia azedarach (chinaberry)[5]
Pinus roxburghii (Long-leaved Indian pine)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agapornis lilianae (Lilian's Lovebird)1
Amblyospiza albifrons (Thick-billed Weaver)1
Poicephalus robustus (Cape Parrot)1


Panthera leo (Lion)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]


Parasitized by 
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[6]
Ctenocephalides felis strongylus[6]
Filaria bakerhugoti <Unverified Name>[7]
Pariodontis riggenbachi riggenbachi[6]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
5Hystrix africaeaustralis, Erika L. Barthelmess, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 788, pp. 1-7 (2006)
6International Flea Database
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License