Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Chinchillidae > Chinchilla > Chinchilla lanigera

Chinchilla lanigera (Chinchilla)

Synonyms: Chinchilla chincilla; Chinchilla lanigera; Chinchilla velligera

Wikipedia Abstract

The long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera), also called the Chilean, coastal, common chinchilla, or lesser chinchilla, is one of two species of rodents from the genus Chinchilla, the other species being Chinchilla chinchilla. Wild populations of C. lanigera occur in Aucó, near Illapel, IV Región, Chile (31°38’S, 71°06’W), in Reserva Nacional Las Chinchillas and in La Higuera, about 100 km (62 mi) north of Coquimbo (29°33’S, 71°04’W)Chilean chinchillas were reported from Talca (35°30’S), Chile, reaching north to Peru and eastward from Chilean coastal hills throughout low mountains. By the mid-19th century, Chilean chinchillas were not found south of the Choapa River.
View Wikipedia Record: Chinchilla lanigera

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Chinchilla lanigera

EDGE Analysis

Chinchillas are best known for their plush, dense silky fur which has been highly prized by humans since the time of the ancient Incas. Some long-tailed chinchillas were brought into captivity in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and today millions of their descendents are bred commercially throughout the world. However, wild populations have been decimated by hunting and subsequent trade in their pelts. Between 1895 and 1921 over three million chinchilla pelts including a small number of live animals were exported from Chile. Some authors report that more than 21 million chinchillas were actually killed between 1840 and 1916. The species was believed extinct until the rediscovery of a population in central Chile in the 1975. Although now protected by law the wild population continues to decline due to habitat destruction and degradation.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.49
EDGE Score: 5.37
View EDGE Record: Chinchilla lanigera


Adult Weight [1]  419 grams
Birth Weight [2]  35 grams
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  8 months
Male Maturity [2]  8 months
Gestation [2]  3 months 21 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  17 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  13 inches (34 cm)
Weaning [2]  54 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Parque Nacional Fray Jorge National Park II 22266 Coquimbo, Chile  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile Yes


Parasitized by 
Inermicapsifer madagascariensis <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License