Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Caviidae > Cavia > Cavia porcellus
 

Cavia porcellus (Guinea pig)

Wikipedia Abstract

The guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also called the cavy or domestic guinea pig, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia. Despite their common name, these animals are not in the Suidae, or pig family, nor do they originate from Guinea. They originated in the Andes, and earlier studies based on biochemistry and hybridization suggest they are domesticated descendants of a closely related species of cavy such as Cavia aperea, C. fulgida, or C. tschudii and, therefore, do not exist naturally in the wild. Recent studies applying molecular markers, in addition to studying the skull and skeletal morphology of current and mummified animals, revealed that the ancestor is most likely Cavia tschudii.
View Wikipedia Record: Cavia porcellus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
-1
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.86

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.605 lbs (728 g)
Birth Weight [1]  85 grams
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  66 days
Male Maturity [1]  76 days
Gestation [1]  68 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  5
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years
Weaning [1]  18 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva Nacional Lauca National Park II 349990 Chile  

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
4International Flea Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License