Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Macroscelidea > Macroscelididae > Rhynchocyon > Rhynchocyon chrysopygus

Rhynchocyon chrysopygus (Golden-rumped Elephant Shrew)

Wikipedia Abstract

The golden-rumped elephant shrew (Rhynchocyon chrysopygus) is the largest species in the African elephant shrew family. It is only found in the coastal Arabuko Sokoke National Park north of Mombasa in Kenya. Its name is derived from the conspicuous golden fur on its hindquarters, which contrasts strongly with its otherwise dark fur. On juveniles, the fur shows vestigial traces of the checkerboard pattern seen on another giant elephant shrew, the checkered elephant shrew (Rhynchocyon cirnei).
View Wikipedia Record: Rhynchocyon chrysopygus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Rhynchocyon chrysopygus

EDGE Analysis

The alternative common name for the sengi, "elephant-shrew" refers to the animals' small size and extraordinarily long, flexible trunks. Recent studies indicate that they are not related to shrews at all, but are in fact distantly related to elephants. The golden-rumped sengi is one of the largest species of sengi. It can be identified by the bright yellow patch of fur on its rump. Unusually for such a small mammal this species is monogamous. It has one of the most restricted ranges of any of the elephant-shrews, and is threatened by the destruction and fragmentation of its forest habitat.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 29.02
EDGE Score: 5.48
View EDGE Record: Rhynchocyon chrysopygus


Adult Weight [1]  1.191 lbs (540 g)
Birth Weight [1]  80 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  38 days
Gestation [1]  42 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  5
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Snout to Vent Length [3]  11 inches (29 cm)
Top 100 Endangered [4]  Yes
Weaning [1]  15 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arabuko Sokoke Forest Reserve 102984 Kenya  
Boni National Reserve 330874 Kenya  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania Yes


Parasitized by 
Chimaeropsylla haddowi[5]
Chimaeropsylla potis potis[5]

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License