Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Muridae > Acomys > Acomys cahirinus

Acomys cahirinus (Spiny mouse)

Synonyms: Acomys cahirinus helmyi; Acomys dimidiatus megalodus; Acomys hunteri; Acomys sabryi; Acomys viator

Wikipedia Abstract

The Cairo spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus), also known as the common spiny mouse, Egyptian spiny mouse, or Arabian spiny mouse, is a nocturnal species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found in Africa north of the Sahara, where its natural habitats are rocky areas and hot deserts. It is omnivorous and feeds on seeds, desert plants, snails, and insects. It is a gregarious animal and lives in small family groups.
View Wikipedia Record: Acomys cahirinus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.7
EDGE Score: 1.55


Adult Weight [1]  45 grams
Birth Weight [1]  5 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  70 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  58 days
Male Maturity [1]  59 days
Gestation [1]  38 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Weaning [1]  14 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Wadi Rum Protected Area National Park V   Jordan  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No


Strix butleri (Hume's Owl)[3]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Diet of the Omani Owl, Strix butleri, near Nakhal, Oman. Zool. Middle East 62(1): 17–20.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License