Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Ambystomatidae > Ambystoma > Ambystoma granulosum

Ambystoma granulosum (Granular Salamander)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The granular salamander or ajolote (Ambystoma granulosum) is a species of mole salamander in the Ambystomatidae family. It is found only in Mexico.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, and ponds.It is threatened by habitat loss and overcropping along with the scaling of their skins.
View Wikipedia Record: Ambystoma granulosum

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Ambystoma granulosum

EDGE Analysis

The granular salamander, like many of its close relatives, is a metamorphosing species of mole salamander belonging to the genus Ambystoma. It inhabits the grasslands located in a small area on the north-western periphery of Toluca city in the central State of Mexico at 3,000m above sea level. The small number of species that represent the Ambystoma are highly evolutionarily distinct members of both the salamanders and the amphibians as a whole. Introduced predatory fish are a major threat to the granular salamander, but its habitat has also been heavily impacted due to extensive urban and agricultural expansion, which has led to the desiccation and pollution of its breeding habitat.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 42.62
EDGE Score: 6.55
View EDGE Record: Ambystoma granulosum


Litters / Year [1]  1


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Santuario del Agua y Forestal Subcuenca Tributaria Arroyo Sila State Park 137156 México, Mexico  

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Santuario del Agua y Forestal Subcuenca Tributaria Arroyo Sila Mexico

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Range Map


Middle America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License