Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Dipodoidea > Dipodidae > Jaculus > Jaculus jaculus

Jaculus jaculus (Lesser Egyptian jerboa)


Wikipedia Abstract

The lesser Egyptian jerboa الجربوع (Jaculus jaculus) is a small rodent of Africa and the Middle East.Its diet consists mainly of seeds and grasses, however the Jerboa needs very little water to survive. This small rodent is sometimes likened to a tiny kangaroo due to its incredibly large hind legs, and hopping form of locomotion. The lesser Egyptian jerboa has three toes on each of its hind feet and a very long tail, used for balance when jumping. It has large eyes and ears and a rather stubby snout, and its coat is a pale or dark sandy colour with a paler underside.
View Wikipedia Record: Jaculus jaculus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.21
EDGE Score: 2.42


Adult Weight [1]  55 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Diet [2]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  60 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 27 days
Male Maturity [1]  4 months 17 days
Gestation [1]  38 days
Hibernates [3]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [4]  3.937 inches (10 cm)
Weaning [1]  51 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ar-Rub'al-Khali Wildlife Management Area 158147444 Saudi Arabia      
Azraq Wetland Reserve IV   Jordan
Harrat al-Harrah Special Nature Reserve IV 3358899 Saudi Arabia  
Parc National de Djebel Bou-Hedma National Park II 41580 Tunisia  
Wadi Rum Protected Area National Park V   Jordan  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No


Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[5]
Athene noctua (Little Owl)[6]
Bubo ascalaphus (Pharaoh Eagle-Owl)[7]
Vulpes zerda (Fennec Fox)[8]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Africa; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150
7Diet Composition of the Pharaoh Eagle Owl, Bubo ascalaphus, in Azraq Nature Reserve, Jordan, Adwan H. SHEHAB, Michal CIACH, Turk J Zool 32 (2008) 65-69
87.4 Fennec fox, Vulpes zerda, C.S. Asa, C. Valdespino and F. Cuzin, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License