Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Diprotodontia > Phalangeroidea > Burramyidae > Burramys > Burramys parvus

Burramys parvus (Mountain Pygmy Possum)

Wikipedia Abstract

The mountain pygmy possum (Burramys parvus) is a small, mouse-sized (weighs 45 grams (1.6 oz)) nocturnal marsupial of Australia found in dense alpine rock screes and boulder fields, mainly southern Victoria and around Mount Kosciuszko in Kosciuszko National Park in New South Wales at elevations from 1,300 to 2,230 metres (4,270 to 7,320 ft). At almost 14 cm (5.5 in), its prehensile tail is longer than its 11 cm (4.3 in) combined head and body length. Its diet consists of insects (such as the Bogong Moth), fleshy fruits, nuts, nectar and seeds. Its body is covered in a thick coat of fine grey fur except for its stomach, which is cream colored; its tail is hairless. On the underside of the female's body is a pouch containing four teats. This possum is the only extant species in the Burramys
View Wikipedia Record: Burramys parvus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Burramys parvus

EDGE Analysis

The mountain pygmy possum is a highly unusual marsupial that was known only from fossilised material until its discovery in 1966 at a ski resort in Victoria. It is the largest of Australia’s five pygmy possums, and is one of the longest living small terrestrial mammal known (females can reach an age of more than 12 years). Reliant on winter snow-fall for its annual hibernation, this tiny possum has been forced higher up into the mountains by rising temperatures caused by global warming. Here this tiny possum clings to survival as the downhill skiing industry has all but destroyed its last remaining stronghold.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 34.05
EDGE Score: 6.33
View EDGE Record: Burramys parvus


Adult Weight [1]  45 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 20 days
Male Maturity [1]  10 months 20 days
Gestation [1]  15 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  60 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alpine National Park II 1634293 Victoria, Australia      
Bogong Remote and Natural Area 40278 Victoria, Australia      
Bundara - Cobungra Remote and Natural Area 33853 Victoria, Australia      
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia

Prey / Diet

Agrotis infusa (Bogong moth)[3]
Podocarpus lawrencei (Plum pine)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anthochaera carunculata (Red Wattlebird)1
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)1


Parasitized by 
Acanthopsylla rothschildi[5]
Acanthopsylla rothschildi rothschildi[6]
Stephanocircus simsoni[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Healesville Sanctuary

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
4Species Profile and Threats Database, Australian Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License