Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Ailuridae > Ailurus > Ailurus fulgens

Ailurus fulgens (Red Panda)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red panda (Ailurus fulgens), also called the lesser panda, the red bear-cat, and the red cat-bear, is a mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. It has reddish-brown fur, a long, shaggy tail, and a waddling gait due to its shorter front legs, and is slightly larger than a domestic cat. It is arboreal, feeds mainly on bamboo, but also eats eggs, birds, and insects. It is a solitary animal, mainly active from dusk to dawn, and is largely sedentary during the day.
View Wikipedia Record: Ailurus fulgens


Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Ailurus fulgens

EDGE Analysis

The scientific name of this rare and beautiful species literally means ‘fire-coloured cat’. Its striking red fur is thought to help it blend in with the reddish-brown moss that grows on the branches of the trees in which it lives. Like its relative, the giant panda, with which it shares much of its habitat, the red panda has evolved to feed almost exclusively on bamboo. Individuals must spend a great deal of time eating just to maintain their bodyweight – female red pandas have been known to eat up to 200,000 bamboo leaves in a single day! Sadly, red pandas are declining throughout their range as a result of deforestation, increased agriculture, hunting and pressure from growing human populations.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 39.2
EDGE Score: 5.08
View EDGE Record: Ailurus fulgens


Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  3 months 26 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  19 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Weaning [2]  4 months 17 days
Adult Weight [2]  9.535 lbs (4.325 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  100 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  60 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Sarocalamus spanostachyus[4]


Parasitized by 
Dirofilaria ailure <Unverified Name>[5]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[5]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[5]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[6]
Spirocerca lupi[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Wei, F., Feng, Z., Wang, Z., Zhou, A. and Hu, J. (1999), "Use of the nutrients in bamboo by the red panda (Ailurus fulgens)". Journal of Zoology, 248: 535–541
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License