Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Ursidae > Helarctos > Helarctos malayanus
 

Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)

Wikipedia Abstract

The sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) is a bear found in tropical forest habitats of Southeast Asia. It is classified as Vulnerable by IUCN as the large-scale deforestation that has occurred throughout Southeast Asia over the past three decades has dramatically reduced suitable habitat for the sun bear. The global population is thought to have declined by more than 30% over the past three bear generations.
View Wikipedia Record: Helarctos malayanus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
54
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 16.5
EDGE Score: 4.25

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  101.413 lbs (46.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  325 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  6 years 6 months
Gestation [1]  3 months 5 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  36 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  90 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Canarium pilosum[4]
Durio zibethinus (durian)[4]
Erycibe maingayi[4]
Ficus consociata[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Seed dispersal by the sun bear Helarctos malayanus in Central Borneo, Kim McConkey and Mauro Galetti, Journal of Tropical Ecology (1999) 15:237–241
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License