Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cingulata > Dasypodidae > Tolypeutes > Tolypeutes matacus

Tolypeutes matacus (Southern Three-banded Armadillo)

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutes matacus), also called the La Plata three-banded armadillo, is an armadillo species from South America. It is found in parts of northern Argentina, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia, at elevations from sea level to 770 m (2,530 ft). The three-banded armadillo has a long, sticky, straw-like pink tongue that allows it to gather up and eat many different species of insects, typically ants and termites. In captivity, armadillos also eat foods such as fruits and vegetables.
View Wikipedia Record: Tolypeutes matacus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.22
EDGE Score: 3.7


Adult Weight [1]  3.307 lbs (1.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  80 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 20 days
Male Maturity [1]  10 months 20 days
Gestation [1]  4 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  37 years
Snout to Vent Length [3]  12 inches (30 cm)
Weaning [1]  55 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Teniente Enciso National Park II 102327 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Sarcomphalus mistol[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ortalis canicollis (Chaco Chachalaca)1
Salvator rufescens (Red Tegu)1


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


South America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Diet of the Chaco Chachalaca, Sandra M. Caziani and Jorge J. Protomastro, The Wilson Bulletin, Vol. 106, No. 4 (Dec., 1994), pp. 640-648
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License