Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Tapiridae > Tapirus > Tapirus terrestris
 

Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)

Synonyms: Hippopotamus terrestris

Wikipedia Abstract

The South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris), Brazilian tapir (from the Tupi tapi'ira), lowland tapir or (in Portuguese) anta, is one of five species in the tapir family, along with the Mountain tapir, the Malayan tapir, the Baird's tapir, and the kabomani tapir. The lowland tapir is the largest native terrestrial mammal in the Amazon.
View Wikipedia Record: Tapirus terrestris

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
11
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
59
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 23.71
EDGE Score: 4.59

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  551.159 lbs (250.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  13.228 lbs (6.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Gestation [1]  1 year 1 month
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  38 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  9 months 19 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Eunectes murinus (Anaconda, Green Anaconda)[4]
Panthera onca (Jaguar)[4]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

South America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Diet of the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) in the Tabaro River valley, southern Venezuela, Leonardo A. Salas and Todd K. Fuller, Can. J. Zool. 74: 1444-1451 (1996)
4Animals of the Rainforest
5FRUITING PHENOLOGY AND FRUGIVORY ON THE PALM EUTERPE EDULIS IN A LOWLAND ATLANTIC FOREST IN BRAZIL, Mauro Galetti, Valesca B. Zipparro & Patricia C. Morellato, ECOTROPICA 5: 115-122, 1999
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Stay below water! - A Strategy to avoid Seed Predators - Seed Survival and Germination of Mauritia flexuosa in Southeastern Peru, Björn Johansson, Master Thesis, Linköpings universitet, 2009
8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License