Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Suidae > Phacochoerus > Phacochoerus africanus
 

Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) is a wild member of the pig family (Suidae) found in grassland, savanna, and woodland in sub-Saharan Africa. In the past, it was commonly treated as a subspecies of P. aethiopicus, but today that scientific name is restricted to the desert warthog of northern Kenya, Somalia, and eastern Ethiopia.
View Wikipedia Record: Phacochoerus africanus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
11
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
36
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 21.66
EDGE Score: 3.12

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  220.463 lbs (100.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.455 lbs (660 g)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  80 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 7 months
Gestation [1]  5 months 14 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  35.992 MPH (16.09 m/s)
Weaning [1]  84 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Heteropogon contortus (tangelhead)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Panthera leo (Lion)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris phacochoeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus <Unverified Name>[6]
Haematopinus phacochoeri[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Africa;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Seasonal variation in the diets of Bohor reedbuck, waterbuck and wildebeest in a moist dystrophic savanna in Tanzania, Stephanie Halsdorf, Bettina Gutbrodt, Harry Olde Venterink, Werner Suter, Peter J. Edwards, Doctoral Dissertation, ETH ZURICH, 2011
5Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License