Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Camelidae > Camelus > Camelus bactrianus

Camelus bactrianus (Bactrian camel)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large, even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel. Its population of two million exists mainly in the domesticated form. Some authorities, notably the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), use the binomial name Camelus ferus for the wild Bactrian camel and reserve Camelus bactrianus for the domesticated Bactrian camel. Their name comes from the ancient historical region of Bactria.
View Wikipedia Record: Camelus bactrianus


Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Camelus bactrianus


Adult Weight [1]  1,047.201 lbs (475.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  79.367 lbs (36.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Emoji [3]  bactrian camel
Gestation [1]  1 year 1 month
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  35 years
Weaning [1]  10 months 19 days
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Prey / Diet

Alhagi maurorum (camelthorn)[4]
Salicornia andina (shrubby swampfire)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Francolinus francolinus (Black Francolin)1


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Emoji by Twitter is licensed under CC BY 4.0
4FEEDING BEHAVIOUR OF CAMEL REVIEW, Arshad Iqbal & Bakht Baidar Khan, Pak. J. Agri. Sei. Vol. 38 (3-4), 2001, p. 58-63
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License