Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Camelidae > Lama glama > Lama glama guanicoe
 

Lama glama guanicoe (guanaco)

Synonyms: Lama guanicoe

Wikipedia Abstract

The guanaco (Lama guanicoe), a camelid native to South America, stands between 1.0 and 1.2 m (3 ft 3 in and 3 ft 11 in) at the shoulder and weighs 90 to 140 kg (200 to 310 lb). Its colour varies very little (unlike the domestic llama), ranging from a light brown to dark cinnamon and shading to white underneath. Guanacos have grey faces and small, straight ears. The name guanaco comes from the South American Quechua word huanaco (modern spelling: wanaku). Young guanacos are called chulengos.
View Wikipedia Record: Lama glama guanicoe

Invasive Species

The guanaco, Lama guanicoe, is a herbivorous, social ungulate that is the direct ancestor of the domestic llama. Native to South America, where it is the dominant ungulate of arid regions and scrubland, L. guanicoe is found in four out of the ten major habitat types found in South America - montane grasslands; desert and xeric shrublands; temperate forest; and grasslands, savannas and shrublands. L. guanicoe has a flexible social organisation, which, along with foraging behaviour and adaptable ecology contibutes to its invasiveness.
View ISSG Record: Lama glama guanicoe

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  281.091 lbs (127.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  25.353 lbs (11.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Gestation [1]  11 months 5 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  34 years
Weaning [1]  11 months 15 days

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Euphorbia lactiflua[2]
Nolana peruviana[2]
Oxalis virgosa[2]

Predators

Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)[3]
Phalcoboenus megalopterus (Mountain Caracara)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Leptospira interrogans[5]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[5]
Tunga penetrans (Chigoe)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

South America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Food habits of Lama guanicoe in the Atacama desert of northern Chile, Kenneth J. Raedeke and Javier A. Simonetti, J. Mamm., 69(1):198-201, 1988
3Food habits of the Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus) in the Andean Patagonia: the role of breeding constraints, A. Travaini, J. A. Donázar, O. Ceballos & F. Hiraldo, Journal of Arid Environments (2001) 48: 211–219
4FIRST QUANTITATIVE DATA ON THE DIET OF THE MOUNTAIN CARACARA (PHALCOBOENUS MEGALOPTERUS), EMILIANO DONADIO, MARIA J. BOLGERI AND ALVARO WURSTTEN, J. Raptor Res. 41(4):328–330
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6International Flea Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License