Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Gazella > Gazella gazella

Gazella gazella (mountain gazelle; Arabian gazelle)

Wikipedia Abstract

The mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella) is a species of gazelle widely but unevenly distributed in Israel, the Golan Heights, and Turkey. It inhabits mountains, foothills, and coastal plains. Its range coincides closely with that of the acacia trees that grow in these areas. It is mainly a grazing species, though this varies with food availability. It is less well adapted to hot, dry conditions than the Dorcas gazelle, which appears to have replaced the mountain gazelle through some of its range during the late Holocene in a period of climatic warming.
View Wikipedia Record: Gazella gazella


Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Gazella gazella

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.85
EDGE Score: 2.73


Adult Weight [1]  47.345 lbs (21.475 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  5.203 lbs (2.36 kg)
Female Weight [1]  39.882 lbs (18.09 kg)
Male Weight [1]  54.807 lbs (24.86 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  37.4 %
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 3 months
Gestation [2]  6 months
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  18 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Weaning [2]  88 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[1]
Nitraria retusa[1]
Ochradenus baccatus[1]
Plicosepalus acaciae[1]
Ziziphus lotus (lotus jujube)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap



Parasitized by 
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[6]
Linognathus tibialis[5]
Nematodirus abnormalis[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Gazella gazella, Heinrich Mendelssohn, Yoram Yom-Tov, and Colin P. Groves, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 490, pp. 1-7 (1995)
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License