Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Taurotragus > Taurotragus derbianus

Taurotragus derbianus (giant eland)

Wikipedia Abstract

The giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus), also known as the Lord Derby eland, is an open-forest and savanna antelope. A species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus, it was described in 1847 by John Edward Gray. The giant eland is the largest species of antelope, with a body length ranging from 220–290 cm (86.5–114 in). There are two subspecies: T. d. derbianus and T. d. gigas.
View Wikipedia Record: Taurotragus derbianus



Adult Weight [1]  1,499.151 lbs (680.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  70 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Gestation [1]  8 months 24 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Grewia damine[3]
Hymenocardia acida[3]
Strychnos spinosa (Natal orange)[3]
Ziziphus mauritiana (Indian jujube)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Lybius vieilloti (Vieillot's Barbet)1
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)1


Parasitized by 
Carmyerius spatiosus <Unverified Name>[4]
Haematopinus jeannereti[5]
Taenia crocutae <Unverified Name>[4]
Taenia hyaenae <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3"Diet Composition of Western Derby eland (Taurotragus derbianus derbianus) in the Dry Season in a Natural and a Managed Habitat in Senegal using Faecal Analyses", Pavla Hejcmanová, Miloslav Homolka, Markéta Antonínová, Michal Hejcman & Veronika Podhájecká, South African Journal of Wildlife Research 40(1):27-34. 2010
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License