Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Pteropodidae > Hypsignathus > Hypsignathus monstrosus
 

Hypsignathus monstrosus (hammer-headed fruit bat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The hammer-headed bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus), also known as the big-lipped bat, is a megabat widely distributed in equatorial Africa. This large bat is found in riverine forests, mangroves, swamps, and palm forests at elevations less than 1,800 metres (5,900 ft).
View Wikipedia Record: Hypsignathus monstrosus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
15
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.77
EDGE Score: 1.75

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  330 grams
Birth Weight [1]  40 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  90 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  6 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Gestation [1]  4 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [3]  12 years
Nocturnal [4]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [3]  11 inches (27 cm)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Ficus lyrata (fiddleleaf fig)[5]
Ficus polita (Wild Rubber Fig)[5]
Ficus scott-elliotii[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Homo sapiens (man)[6]
Urotriorchis macrourus (Long-tailed Hawk)[6]

Range Map

Distribution

Africa;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License