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Marmota bobak (Bobak marmot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The bobak marmot (Marmota bobak), also known as the steppe marmot, is a species of marmot that inhabits the steppes of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It is a social animal and inhabits steppe grassland, including cultivated field borders. It hibernates for more than half the year. Litter sizes average about five offspring and it takes three years for the young marmots to reach sexual maturity. Male offspring leave the home colony after their second winter, and about 60% of mature females give birth in any one year. The fur is used to make hats and coats and a Moscow fur-farm is experimenting with breeding bobak marmots for their pelts.
View Wikipedia Record: Marmota bobak

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
10
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.14
EDGE Score: 1.42

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  16.094 lbs (7.30 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  36 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Gestation [1]  40 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  1
Weaning [1]  37 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[3]
Aquila heliaca (Eastern Imperial Eagle)[4]
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)[3]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[3]
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)[5]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Relationship between demographics and diet specificity of Imperial Eagles Aquila heliaca in Kazakhstan, TODD E. KATZNER, EVGENY A. BRAGIN, STEVEN T. KNICK & ANDREW T. SMITH, Ibis (2005), 147, 576–586
5Watson, M., & Clarke, R. (2000). Saker falcon diet. Br. Birds, 93, 136-143.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License