Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Soricomorpha > Soricidae > Crocidura > Crocidura russula

Crocidura russula (white-toothed shrew; Greater White-toothed Shrew)

Wikipedia Abstract

The greater white-toothed shrew (Crocidura russula) is a small insectivorous mammal found in Europe and North Africa. It is the most common of the white-toothed shrews. This species is found along the Mediterranean, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Portugal; in addition, the Osorio shrew of the Canary island of Gran Canaria, originally described as a separate species (Crocidura osorio), was later discovered to be a population of introduced greater white-toothed shrew. Its preferred habitats are grassland and woodland. It is slightly larger than the lesser white-toothed shrew but otherwise very similar, and can often be distinguished only by close inspection of its teeth which are unpigmented.
View Wikipedia Record: Crocidura russula


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.21
EDGE Score: 1.44


Adult Weight [1]  12 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  75 days
Male Maturity [1]  75 days
Gestation [1]  29 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  23 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No


Coronella girondica (Southern Smooth Snake)[3]
Elanus caeruleus (Black-winged Kite)[4]
Vipera latastei (Lataste’s Viper)[5]
Zamenis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)[6]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Museum de Besancon

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Geographic variation in the diet composition of a secretive Mediterranean colubrid snake: Coronella girondica from Spain and Italy, Luca Luiselli, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Massimo Capula, Carmen Villafranca, Ital. J. Zool., 68: 57-60 (2001)
4COMMUNAL ROOSTING AND DIET OF BLACK-SHOULDERED KITES (ELANUS CAERULEUS) WINTERING IN SOUTHWESTERN SPAIN, Deseada Parejo, Jesús M. Avilés, Juan J. Ferrero, Domingo Rivera and José M. Casas, J Raptor Res. 35(2):162-164 (2001)
5Prey availability drives geographic dietary differences of a Mediterranean predator, the Lataste’s viper (Vipera latastei), Xavier Santos, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, José C. Brito, Gustavo A. Llorente, Xavier Parellada & Soumia Fahd, HERPETOLOGICAL JOURNAL 18: 16–22, 2008
6Correlates between morphology, diet and foraging mode in the Ladder Snake Rhinechis scalaris (Schinz, 1822), Juan M. Pleguezuelos , Juan R. Fernández-Cardenete , Santiago Honrubia , Mónica Feriche , Carmen Villafranca, Contributions to Zoology, 76 (3) – 2007
7International Flea Database
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License