Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Leiopelmatidae > Leiopelma > Leiopelma hochstetteri

Leiopelma hochstetteri (Hochstetter's frog)

Wikipedia Abstract

Hochstetter's frog (Leiopelma hochstetteri) is a primitive frog native to New Zealand, one of only four extant species belonging to the taxonomic family Leiopelmatidae. They possess some of the most ancient features of any extant frogs in the world.
View Wikipedia Record: Leiopelma hochstetteri

EDGE Analysis

This species is distributed between about 10 fragmented and isolated populations across a total range of over 10,000 km sq. Part of an ancient frog lineage that diverged on the former supercontinent of Gondwana over 200 million years ago, this species possesses a number of primitive traits, such as an absence of eardrums and vocal chords. Unlike the other three extant species of native New Zealand frogs, Hochstetter’s frog is semi-aquatic, living in and around streams in shaded forest areas. This species is primarily threatened by a virulent fungal disease (chytridiomycosis), as well as habitat destruction caused by the creation of pine plantations, road building, and feral goats and pigs.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 92.69
EDGE Score: 5.93
View EDGE Record: Leiopelma hochstetteri


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Litter Size [1]  165
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  1.85 inches (4.7 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
North Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coromandel Forest Park Conservation Park 177669 New Zealand      
Raukumara Forest Park Conservation Park 284423 New Zealand      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes


Parasitized by 
Aplectana novaezelandiae <Unverified Name>[2]
Cosmocerca australis <Unverified Name>[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Hamilton Zoo

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License