Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Leiopelmatidae > Leiopelma > Leiopelma pakeka

Leiopelma pakeka (Maud Island frog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Maud Island frog, Leiopelma pakeka, is a primitive frog native to New Zealand, one of only four extant species belonging to the taxonomic family Leiopelmatidae. Although Leiopelma pakeka differs in some aspects of morphology from Leiopelma hamiltoni, with which it was previously grouped, recent genetic studies suggest the differences are largely superficial. This calls into question its designation as a separate species. Like other Leiopelma species, these frogs do not produce advertisement vocalisations to attract mates. Instead, they communicate through chemical signals.
View Wikipedia Record: Leiopelma pakeka

EDGE Analysis

Until a genetic analysis in 1998, this species was thought to be a subpopulation of Hamilton’s frog. The Maud Island frog is part of the world’s most primitive frog lineage, which has been evolving independently for over 200 million years. It is active at night and ground-dwelling, breeding on land. The male guards the eggs in moist nests, and carries the froglets on his back for several weeks whilst they develop. It is primarily threatened by a virulent fungal disease (chytridiomycosis), and introduced predators, such as black rats. This frog was introduced to nearby Motuara Island as part of a conservation project to expand the range of this species in 1997.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 78.78
EDGE Score: 5.77
View EDGE Record: Leiopelma pakeka


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Litter Size [1]  10
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  29 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  1.929 inches (4.9 cm)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Blumine Island Scenic Reserve 932 New Zealand      
Tom Shand Scientific Reserve 764 New Zealand      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License