Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Microhylidae > Scaphiophryne > Scaphiophryne gottlebei

Scaphiophryne gottlebei (Red rain frog)

Wikipedia Abstract

Scaphiophryne gottlebei, commonly known as the Malagasy rainbow frog, the ornate hopper, the rainbow burrowing frog, the red rain frog or Gottlebe's narrow-mouthed frog, is one of the most highly decorated of the Madagascan frogs. Thousands are captured every year for the pet trade.
View Wikipedia Record: Scaphiophryne gottlebei

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Scaphiophryne gottlebei

EDGE Analysis

The Malagasy rainbow frog is a very attractive species that has become popular in the pet trade. It is found in the rocky canyons of the Isalo Massif, occurring in the Isalo National Park. Although adapted for a burrowing lifestyle, this species is also capable of climbing vertical rock surfaces to escape flash floods. It breeds in temporary pools and their tadpoles are thought to develop quickly (in 1-2 months) to avoid being washed away by sudden heavy rains. Threats to this species include over-collection and habitat destruction, caused by fire, wood extraction, overgrazing by livestock, and recent sapphire mining activities in areas adjacent to the species' known range.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 22.64
EDGE Score: 5.94
View EDGE Record: Scaphiophryne gottlebei


Adult Weight [1]  7 grams
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Litter Size [1]  182
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  2 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  1.575 inches (4 cm)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Isalo National Park II 215133 Madagascar

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles Yes

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Newport Aquarium
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Zoological Society of London

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License