Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Pelobatidae > Pelobates > Pelobates varaldii

Pelobates varaldii (Varaldi's Spadefoot Toad)

Wikipedia Abstract

Pelobates varaldii, the Moroccan spadefoot toad or Varaldi's spadefoot toad, is a species of frog in the Pelobatidae family. It is found in Morocco and possibly Spain. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, rivers, intermittent rivers, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. The species is threatened by habitat loss. According to C.Michael Hogan, the species breeding sites are ephemeral lentic water bodies, which surface waters are scarce in the species range.
View Wikipedia Record: Pelobates varaldii

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Pelobates varaldii

EDGE Analysis

The Moroccan spadefoot toad is a burrowing species, spending half the year in a dormant state underground. It is only active in the autumn and winter when it comes to the surface during the night to feet. They do not really hunt for their prey, but rather wait for invertebrates to come to them. This species tends to breed in temporary pools which form after heavy rains. Eggs hatch after a week of being laid and the tadpoles metamorphose in May/June. This species is threatened by habitat destruction and does not occur in man-altered areas. It is especially affected by arable cultivation and livestock farming within its range.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 46.36
EDGE Score: 5.94
View EDGE Record: Pelobates varaldii


Adult Weight [1]  27 grams
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  2.756 inches (7 cm)

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License