Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Cycloramphidae > Rhinoderma > Rhinoderma rufum

Rhinoderma rufum (Chile Darwin's frog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chile Darwin's frog (Rhinoderma rufum), also called the Northern Darwin's frog, is one of only two members of the family Rhinodermatidae. It is endemic to central Chile.
View Wikipedia Record: Rhinoderma rufum

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Rhinoderma rufum

EDGE Analysis

The Chile Darwin’s frog is one of only two frogs in the world where the young undergo part of their development in the parent’s mouth. Eggs are laid on damp ground and, when the developing tadpoles start to wriggle in their egg capsules, the guarding male swallows them into his vocal sac. Here they stay until their jaws and digestive tracts are fully formed, where upon the male carried them to a stream. This species has not been seen since around 1980 and it could have been driven to extinction by a mystery disease, possibly the fungal disease chytridiomycosis (responsible for many amphibian declines globally), although this has not previously been reported from Chile.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.09
EDGE Score: 5.82
View EDGE Record: Rhinoderma rufum


Litter Size [1]  18
Litters / Year [1]  1
Snout to Vent Length [1]  1.299 inches (3.3 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile Yes

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License