Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Salamandridae > Echinotriton > Echinotriton chinhaiensis

Echinotriton chinhaiensis (Chinhai Spiny Newt)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chinhai spiny newt (Echinotriton chinhaiensis) is a species of salamander in the Salamandridae family, found only in a small section of Zhejiang province in eastern China. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, freshwater marshes, and ponds. The Chinhai spiny newt is unique to the Beilun District east of Ningbo. It is threatened by habitat loss. Observations of captive animals suggest the Chinhai spiny newt is a late-maturing, long-lived species: they reach sexual maturity at 10 years age or later, and their lifespans are at least 20 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Echinotriton chinhaiensis

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Echinotriton chinhaiensis

EDGE Analysis

The Chinhai spiny newt is a secretive, land-dwelling species that hibernates for about five months of the year during the winter. Females mate and then migrate to egg-laying sites next to small ponds. The eggs hatch and are washed into the adjacent pond by heavy rains in May. They metamorphose in the pond and then permanently leave the water. This species possesses a remarkable defense mechanism against predators. They have sharp, elongated ribs whose tips project through the skin when these animals are grasped and inject painful skin secretions into the mouths of would-be predators. This species is mainly threatened by habitat destruction and the pollution of its breeding ponds.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.52
EDGE Score: 5.74
View EDGE Record: Echinotriton chinhaiensis


Adult Length [1]  6 inches (14 cm)
Litter Size [1]  83
Litters / Year [1]  1
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Ruiyansi China

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License