Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Salamandridae > Neurergus > Neurergus kaiseri

Neurergus kaiseri (Kaiser's Spotted Newt)

Wikipedia Abstract

Kaiser's spotted newt (Neurergus kaiseri), also known as the Luristan newt or emperor spotted Newt (not to be confused with Tylototriton shanjing), is a species of very colourful salamander in the Salamandridae family. It is endemic to the southern Zagros Mountains in Iran where it is known from just four streams. Populations of this newt have been declining and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated it as "critically endangered". A captive breeding programme has been established in several zoos.
View Wikipedia Record: Neurergus kaiseri

EDGE Analysis

The Luristan newt is a highly attractive species and its striking colouration is thought to be a warning to potential predators of its toxicity. This species spends the breeding season in spring-fed streams, and hibernates during the winter in surrounding arid shrubland under stones. Prior to mating, mates perform an elaborate courtship display for females, and the pair does not touch during mating, with sperm transfer occurring when the male deposits a sperm packet for the female to retrieve. They are extremely sensitive to environmental change because they live in arid, marginal conditions. This species is chiefly threatened by habitat loss, drought and over-collection for an expanding international pet trade.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.57
EDGE Score: 5.69
View EDGE Record: Neurergus kaiseri


Adult Length [1]  6 inches (15.8 cm)
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years
Top 100 Endangered [2]  Yes


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan Yes

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License