Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Patagioenas > Patagioenas leucocephala
 

Patagioenas leucocephala (White-crowned Pigeon)

Synonyms: Columba leucocephala

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-crowned pigeon (Patagioenas leucocephala, formerly Columba leucocephala) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae (doves and pigeons). It inhabits the northern and central Caribbean islands and some places on the North and Central American mainland. John James Audubon painted the pigeons, including the watercolour in his work Birds of America, published in the early 19th century.
View Wikipedia Record: Patagioenas leucocephala

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.08627
EDGE Score: 2.49918

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  239 grams
Birth Weight [3]  14.3 grams
Female Weight [6]  230 grams
Male Weight [6]  253 grams
Weight Dimorphism [6]  10 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Mangroves
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Mangroves
Diet [4]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  70 %
Diet - Plants [4]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  40 %
Forages - Understory [4]  20 %
Forages - Ground [4]  20 %
Female Maturity [5]  1 year
Male Maturity [5]  1 year
Clutch Size [8]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  550,000
Incubation [7]  14 days
Mating System [3]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [5]  14 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Accipiter gundlachi (Gundlach's Hawk)[12]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6Bancroft, G. T., AND R. Bowman. 2001. White-crowned Pigeon (Columba leucocephala). In A. Poole and F. Gill [EDS.], The Birds of North America, No. 596. The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10TEMPORAL PATTERNS IN DIET OF NESTLING WHITE-CROWNED PIGEONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR CONSERVATION OF FRUGIVOROUS COLUMBIDS, G. THOMAS BANCROFT AND REED BOWMAN, The Auk 111(4):844-852, 1994
11"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
12Gundlach's Hawk, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License