Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Treron > Treron phoenicopterus

Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)

Synonyms: Treron phoenicoptera

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera), also known as yellow-legged green pigeon, is a common species of green pigeon found in the Indian subcontinent. It is the state bird of Maharashtra. In Marathi it is called Hariyal. The species feeds on fruit, including many species of Ficus. They forage in flocks. In the early morning they are often seen sunning on the tops of emergent trees in dense forest areas. They especially are found sitting in couples on tree branches.
View Wikipedia Record: Treron phoenicopterus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.02232
EDGE Score: 2.08223


Adult Weight [1]  235 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  80 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  30 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  22 days


Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Attapu Plain Laos A1, A3
Chhep Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Dong Khanthung Laos A1, A3, A4i
Upper Srepok Catchment Cambodia A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[5]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[5]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (30)Full list (133)

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Majumdar, N. (1984) On a collection of birds from Bastar District, Madhya Pradesh. Zoological Survey of India (Calcutta) 54 p.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Devi, O.S. & P.K. Saikia (2012). Notes on the nesting behaviour of Yellow footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera at Jeypore Reserve Forest, Assam, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(3): 2470–2475
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License