Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Strigiformes > Strigidae > Heteroglaux > Heteroglaux blewitti

Heteroglaux blewitti (Forest Owlet)

Synonyms: Athene blewitti

Wikipedia Abstract

The forest owlet (Athene blewitti) is an owl that is endemic to the forests of central India. This bird is on the verge of extinction. This species belongs to the typical owls family, Strigidae. After it was described in 1873 and it was not seen after 1884 and considered extinct until it was rediscovered 113 years later in 1997 by Pamela Rasmussen. Searches for the species in the locality given in the label of the last collected specimen failed and it was discovered that the specimen had been stolen from the British Museum by Richard Meinertzhagen and resubmitted with a label bearing false locality information. It is known from a small number of localities and the populations are very low within the fragmented and shrinking forests of central India, leaving the species critically endangere
View Wikipedia Record: Heteroglaux blewitti

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Heteroglaux blewitti

EDGE Analysis

The critically endangered Forest Owlet has an extremely small and fragmented population in central India. The species was originally placed with three others in the genus Athene, but has since been reclassified, now occupying its own genus Heteroglaux. Previously feared extinct, this species was rediscovered in 1997 in the state of Maharashtra, 113 years after the last confirmed record. Unlike most of its nocturnal relatives, this owlet is diurnal, hunting lizards, birds and rodents in daylight hours.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.0845
EDGE Score: 5.99484
View EDGE Record: Heteroglaux blewitti


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [1]  30 %
Diet - Endothermic [1]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  20 %
Forages - Understory [1]  10 %
Forages - Ground [1]  70 %
Nocturnal [1]  Yes


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Melghat Sanctuary 192433 Maharashtra, India  

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Melghat Tiger Reserve India A1, A2, A3
Taloda Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Toranmal Reserve Forest India A1, A2

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License