Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Coraciiformes > Alcedinidae > Todiramphus > Todiramphus sanctus

Todiramphus sanctus (Sacred Kingfisher)

Synonyms: Halcyon sancta; Todirhamphus sanctus

Wikipedia Abstract

The sacred kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus) is a medium-sized woodland kingfisher that occurs in mangroves, woodlands, forests, and river valleys in Australia, New Zealand, and other parts of the western Pacific. In New Zealand the species is also known by its Māori name kōtare. It is called “sacred” for it was said to be a holy bird for Polynesians, who believed it to have control over the waves. Likewise, the local subspecies of collared kingfisher and other kingfishers in the southwestern Pacific were ascribed venerable power over the ocean.
View Wikipedia Record: Todiramphus sanctus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.09302
EDGE Score: 1.40928


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [1]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [1]  10 %
Diet - Fish [1]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  70 %
Forages - Aerial [1]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  20 %
Forages - Understory [1]  30 %
Forages - Ground [1]  40 %
Clutch Size [3]  5
Incubation [2]  17 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  8 years


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Calliphora augur (Bluebodied blowfly)[4]
Psaltoda moerens (Red-eyed Cicada)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)1
Falco longipennis (Australian Hobby)1
Philemon corniculatus (Noisy Friarbird)1


Parasitized by 
Alcedoecus alatoclypeatus[5]
Centrorhynchus horridus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Australia; Oceania; Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Food of some birds in eastern New South Wales: additions to Barker & Vestjens. Emu 93(3): 195–199
5Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License