Animalia > Mollusca > Gastropoda > Littorinimorpha > Littorinoidea > Littorinidae > Littorina > Littorina littorea

Littorina littorea (Common periwinkle)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common periwinkle or winkle (Littorina littorea) is a species of small edible sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc that has gills and an operculum, and is classified within the family Littorinidae, the periwinkles. This is a robust intertidal species with a dark and sometimes banded shell. It is native to the rocky shores of the northeastern, and introduced to the northwestern, Atlantic Ocean.
View Wikipedia Record: Littorina littorea

Invasive Species

Littorina littorea is a mollusc which is often distributed on rocky coasts, from the upper shore into the sub-littoral. It is also tolerant of brackish water. Littorina littorea feeds on diatoms, Enteromorpha, Ulva and Porphyra. Littorina littorea are oviparous and reproduce annually. Egg capsules are shed directly into the sea. It has been suggested that Littorina littorea can serve as a highly suitable bio-indicator species for contamination of marine environments.
View ISSG Record: Littorina littorea

Protected Areas




Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


North America; Western Atlantic Ocean;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2The Diet of the Knot (Calidris canutus) on Rocky Shores of Eastern Scotland in Winter, Ronald W. Summers & Shelagh M. Smith, Ardea 71 (1983): 151-153
3Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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