Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Rhinoplax > Rhinoplax vigil
 

Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)

Synonyms: Buceros vigil

Wikipedia Abstract

The helmeted hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil) is a very large bird in the hornbill family. It is found on the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo. The casque (helmetlike structure on the head) accounts for some 11% of its 3 kg weight. Unlike any other hornbill, the casque is almost solid, and is used in head-to-head combat among males. It is a belief among the Punan Bah that a large helmeted hornbill guards the river between life and death.
View Wikipedia Record: Rhinoplax vigil

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Rhinoplax vigil

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
46
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.4972
EDGE Score: 3.71343

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  6.376 lbs (2.892 kg)
Female Weight [1]  6.008 lbs (2.725 kg)
Male Weight [1]  6.746 lbs (3.06 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  12.3 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  50 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [3]  1

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (80)Full list (161)

Distribution

Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License