Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Rhyticeros > Rhyticeros undulatus
 

Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)

Synonyms: Aceros undulatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The wreathed hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus), also known as the bar-pouched wreathed hornbill, is a species of hornbill found in forests from far north-eastern India and Bhutan, east and south through mainland Southeast Asia and the Greater Sundas in Indonesia, except Sulawesi. It is 75–100 cm (30–39 in) long. Males weigh from 1.8 kg (4.0 lb) to 3.65 kg (8.0 lb), and females weigh from 1.36 kg (3.0 lb) to 2.7 kg (6.0 lb). Both sexes are similar to the respective sexes of the closely related plain-pouched hornbill, but the wreathed hornbill can be recognized by the dark bar on the lower throat (hence the alternative common name, bar-pouched). Though commonly considered monotypic, evidence suggests some geographical variation in the appearance.
View Wikipedia Record: Rhyticeros undulatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.44446
EDGE Score: 2.24543

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.044 lbs (2.288 kg)
Female Weight [3]  4.299 lbs (1.95 kg)
Male Weight [3]  5.545 lbs (2.515 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [3]  29 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  90 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  70 %
Forages - Ground [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Fledging [1]  3 months 7 days
Incubation [4]  40 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (159)

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Distribution

Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Kemp, A. 1995. The Hornbills. Oxford: Oxford University Press
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6AN ASSESSMENT OF FOOD OVERLAP BETWEEN GIBBONS AND HORNBILLS, Chuti-on Kanwatanakid-Savini and Pilai Poonswad, Tommaso Savini, THE RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 2009 57(1): 189–198
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License