Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Otidiformes > Otididae > Houbaropsis > Houbaropsis bengalensis

Houbaropsis bengalensis (Bengal Florican)

Synonyms: Eupodotis bengalensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis), also called Bengal bustard, is a bustard species native to the Indian subcontinent, Cambodia and Vietnam. It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List because fewer than 1,500 individuals were estimated to be alive as of 2013.It is the only member of the genus Houbaropsis.
View Wikipedia Record: Houbaropsis bengalensis


Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Houbaropsis bengalensis

EDGE Analysis

This otherwise reclusive bird is best known for its elaborate courtship display where the male’s black and white plumage is shown off to good effect in short arching display flights to attract females. Two thirds of the global population breed in the floodplain of the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia; they migrate up to 100km annually to escape the floodwaters in the non-breeding season. Thousands of kilometres away in Nepal and India, there exists another population of the same species which occupies the duars and terai grasslands along the base of the Himalayas. Both populations are in decline and threatened by habitat loss and illegal hunting.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.2739
EDGE Score: 6.00236
View EDGE Record: Houbaropsis bengalensis


Adult Weight [1]  3.803 lbs (1.725 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  72 grams
Female Weight [1]  4.354 lbs (1.975 kg)
Male Weight [1]  3.252 lbs (1.475 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  33.9 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Clutch Size [4]  1
Incubation [1]  26 days
Migration [5]  Intracontinental


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License