Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Monotremata > Tachyglossidae > Zaglossus > Zaglossus attenboroughi

Zaglossus attenboroughi (Sir David's Long-beaked Echidna)

Wikipedia Abstract

Sir David's long-beaked echidna (Zaglossus attenboroughi), also known as Attenborough's long-beaked echidna or the Cyclops long-beaked echidna, is one of the three species from the genus Zaglossus that occurs in New Guinea. It is named in honour of Sir David Attenborough, the eminent naturalist. It lives in the Cyclops Mountains, which are near the cities of Sentani and Jayapura in the Indonesian province of Papua. The creature is nocturnal, and can roll up into a spiny ball when it feels threatened, somewhat in the manner of a hedgehog. It weighs from 5 to 10 kilograms (11 to 22 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Zaglossus attenboroughi

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Zaglossus attenboroughi

EDGE Analysis

Attenborough’s long-beaked echidna is the smallest and probably most threatened of the three long-beaked echidna species. It is known from a single specimen collected by a Dutch botanist during an expedition to the Cyclops Mountains in 1961. Despite more recent attempts to search for the species it has remained elusive and was believed extinct by the research community until EDGE team members visited the mountains in 2007. Although no individuals were sighted, echidna signs were found and interviews with local community members revealed that the distinctive animals were still present in the mountains. Considered a delicacy and featuring strongly in local traditions, the echidnas are considered to be extremely rare even by hunters who regularly go into the forest of the lower peaks.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 55.85
EDGE Score: 6.81
View EDGE Record: Zaglossus attenboroughi


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  100 %
Forages - Ground [1]  100 %
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Top 100 Endangered [2]  Yes


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Northern New Guinea montane rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Pegunungan Cyclops Nature Reserve 55599 Indonesia  

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Pegunungan Cyclops Nature Reserve Indonesia

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License