Fire Island National Seashore

Location:New York, United States
IUCN Category:V
Area:9,433 acres (3,817 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: hot summer)


Northeastern coastal forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share90 %10 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsPodzols
Topsoil TextureMediumCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellSomewhat excessive
Available Water Capacity150 m100 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %3 %
Sand41 %87 %
Silt39 %9 %
Clay20 %4 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.45 %2.08 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity30 cmol kg⁻¹73 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation37 %16 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.1 cmol kg⁻¹2.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel20 %3 %
Sand45 %86 %
Silt35 %9 %
Clay20 %5 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.42 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.57 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.5 %0.51 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity36 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation33 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹1.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263