Morrocoy National Park

Area:63,672 acres (25,767 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Aw (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: winter dry)


Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves
Orinoco Delta swamp forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share60 %40 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsDystric Gleysols
Topsoil TextureMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellPoor
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel0 %0 %
Sand19 %5 %
Silt53 %65 %
Clay28 %30 %
USDA TextureSilty clay loamSilty clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.31 g/cm³1.28 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.79 %1.72 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity27 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity11 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation35 %80 %
Total Exchangeable Bases3.9 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %1.7 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel0 %0 %
Sand12 %25 %
Silt51 %48 %
Clay37 %27 %
USDA TextureSilty clay loamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.26 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.31 %0.77 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity24 cmol kg⁻¹24 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity10 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation39 %87 %
Total Exchangeable Bases3.9 cmol kg⁻¹7.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %2.4 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263