Buchenwälder um Klingenthal

Location:Germany
Area:603 acres (244 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Western European broadleaf forests

Soils

Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share75 %10 %5 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsUmbric LeptosolsGleyic CambisolsStagnic LuvisolsDystric Gleysols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm30 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellImperfectlyPoorPoorVery poor
Available Water Capacity50 m15 mm15 m150 m125 m
Phase 1GravellyStonyGravelly Stony
Phase 2Stony    
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cm None to 80 cm60 - 80 cm60 - 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cm 40 - 80 cm80 - 150 cm80 - 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month Wet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %6 %4 %4 %1 %
Sand42 %49 %45 %37 %16 %
Silt38 %31 %36 %44 %29 %
Clay20 %20 %19 %19 %55 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.1 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.05 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.45 %2.4 %1 %0.99 %1.65 %
PH5.15.16.45.84.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity32 cmol kg⁻¹34 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹24 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation38 %36 %85 %62 %49 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.3 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹8.2 cmol kg⁻¹8.4 cmol kg⁻¹16.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %4 %2 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel19 % 18 %4 %1 %
Sand45 % 39 %31 %18 %
Silt35 % 34 %38 %24 %
Clay20 % 27 %31 %58 %
USDA TextureLoam Clay loamClay loamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.42 g/cm³ 1.36 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³ 1.6 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.5 % 0.47 %0.29 %0.77 %
PH5.2 6.75.94.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity35 cmol kg⁻¹ 37 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹ 11 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation33 % 88 %83 %45 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹ 11.3 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹16.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 % 0.1 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 % 0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 % 2 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263