Area:4,422 acres (1,790 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Csa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: summer dry; Temperature: hot summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes


Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share75 %25 %
Soil TypeCalcaric CambisolsChromic Luvisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity50 m50 m
Phase 1PetrocalcicPetrocalcic
Root Obstacle20 - 40 cm20 - 40 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel6 %12 %
Sand36 %48 %
Silt43 %28 %
Clay21 %24 %
USDA TextureLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.65 %0.83 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹39 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %88 %
Total Exchangeable Bases24.3 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate7 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %8 %
Sand34 %41 %
Silt43 %25 %
Clay23 %34 %
USDA TextureLoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.38 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.45 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.43 %0.4 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity54 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %90 %
Total Exchangeable Bases28.7 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate8.7 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0.4 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263